As part of their biography project, grade 7 Humanities teachers invited me to talk with students about different ways to gather information from nonfiction books.
Inspired by this anchor chart, I talked students through some visual note-taking to help them distinguish among three ways to record information from their text.
As we talked about each one, I modeled my own "extractions" or recordings from my nonfiction text (First Step 2 Forever: My Story, by Justin Bieber - yes, this did get a laugh). Then students practiced each type with their own book.
Here's how we visualized the differences:
Quotation: recorded text is shown the same color as the original because the words are exactly the same. We only need to add quotation marks and a citation.
Paraphrase: recorded information is blue and is about the same length as the original text. The object is to reword the text, not just change the order of the words, so the recorded information is ALL blue. We also may need to add a citation to a paraphrase if the idea is new or questionable.
Summary: recorded information is one red sentence since it's a shortened version of the text. It's so condensed that no citation is needed.